© De Theije
Our research in the Guianas focuses on how transnational mobility shapes potential for sustainability transformations. In this region, an itinerant mining population moves between countries, negotiating with maroons and with indigenous peoples. Host-migrant relations spoorn both consensus and conflict: hosts control access to land with gold deposits; migrants have specialist mining knowledge and technological skills. This leads us to explore the impact of mobility on the governance of mining in border regions of the Guianas, and the implications this holds for thinking on transformations to sustainability.